What is Wheat Allergy?
Wheat allergy is a kind of allergic reaction to foods that contain wheat and it is considered as one of the top eight allergens in the USA. Usually, in such allergic case, the immune system of an affected person reacts abnormally whenever any presence of proteins found in wheat found in his body. The allergic reaction not only occurs from consuming wheat, but also by inhaling wheat flour in certain cases. Whenever a person consumes wheat or comes in contact with wheat, his body takes its presence as a threat and releases antibody to combat with it. This leads to the allergic reactions some of them are even potential life-threatening.
Difference between Wheat Allergy and Celiac Disease
Although there are few potential similarity between wheat allergy and celiac disease, but these two are completely different physical conditions having different symptoms and are diagnosed separately. Whereas disease may not show immediate symptoms and causes long term harms in abnormal immune system due to gluten, wheat allergy is usually not related to such long term damage in the body.
Symptoms of Wheat Allergy
Once a person prone to wheat allergy is exposed to wheat, the symptoms of this allergy may develop within minutes. Similar to other food allergies, these symptoms include –
Irritation in the throat and mouth
Vomiting and nausea
Hives or rash
Stuffy and runny nose
Irritation in eyes
In severe cases, the allergy can lead to anaphylaxis, a life threatening condition where the patients may suffer from swelling on throats and finding the body in utter shock. Such type of allergic condition needs immediate medical treatment.
What Causes a Wheat Allergy?
A person prone to wheat allergy will have an immune response in the body as soon as he comes to the exposure of the proteins present in wheat. Usually, breads, different breakfast cereals and pastas are common foods that contain wheat. Some of the common foods made of wheat are breads, cakes, muffins, cookies, soy sauce, couscous, processed meat items like cold cuts or hot dogs, crusted proteins, gelatinized and modified food starch and so on.
In fact, there are certain products and foods like ketchups, cosmetics and ice creams where wheat proteins are not immediately obvious, but its proteins are likely to find.
Diagnosis of the Allergy
The accurate diagnosis of wheat allergy is quite essential in order to avoid those specific foods and follow other conditions. An allergist is the best person to typically diagnose this wheat allergy. Usually, he or she starts the diagnosis process by asking about the symptoms and family history in order to determine whether such allergic reactions are common in your bloodline. The doctor should conduct the specific diagnostic tests to determine whether you are allergic to wheat. These diagnoses include blood test, prick test or both.
Leading a Wheat-Free Lifestyle
If you have wheat allergy and want to manage it in the best possible way, there is no better option than to adhere a wheat-free diet. There are numerous food options present in the restaurants and grocery stores for people who need to avoid wheat in their foods. Try to stick to gluten-free foods as well as foods made of other grains like quinoa, rice, barley, rye, rice, corns and so on.