Tree Nut Allergy
A tree nut allergy is a reaction to some dietary substances derived from the tree nuts and the edible tree seeds and it causes to an overreaction on the immune system and as a result the people may suffer from numerous physical symptoms.
Tree nuts include almonds, cashews, coconuts, macadamia nuts, pine nuts, pistachios, chestnuts, Brazil nuts, Shea nuts, walnuts and so on.
However, tree nut allergy is completely different from peanut allergy since peanuts belong to legume family whereas tree nuts re hard-shelled fruits.
Symptoms of Tree Nut Allergy
The immune system of our body has the capability to fight with infections; however someone allergic to tree nut, tends to overreact to the proteins present in those foods. Every time that person consumes a tree nut, his body assumes those proteins as the harmful intruders in the body.
Some of the common types of symptoms of tree nut allergy include –
Vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain
Itching in skin, mouth, throat, eyes or any other body part
Difficulty in swallowing
Difficulty in breathing
Nasal congestion and runny rose
In rare cases, tree nut allergy can be severe and it can link up with anaphylaxis, which is a potential life-threatening reaction that can affect the breathing and can keep one’s body in shock.
Diagnosis of Tree Nut Allergy
Since the tree nut allergy can lead to the life-threatening reaction, it is essential to have the proper diagnosis.
Therefore, you need to consult with a allergist who will start the diagnosis with checking the medical history and inquiring of any previous allergic reaction. He or she can use blood test or skin-prick test for deciding about the presence of allergen stuff like immunoglobulin E, one kind of antibody that triggers the release of chemicals in the body.
If the allergist finds these tests as insufficient, you may be advised for oral food challenge where you are instructed to feed small amount of suspected allergic food to the increasing amount through a period of time under the supervision of the doctor. In such food challenge, all the emergency medication and equipment are kept in hand to handle the worst case scenario.
Dealing with Tree Nut Allergy
Like most other food allergies, the most effective way to deal with tree nut allergy and trigger the allergic reaction is to stay away from eating any offending ingredients. People who are prone to this allergy should be cautious about eating the shelled nuts like almonds, cashews, Brazil nuts, chestnuts, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, hickory nuts, hazelnuts, pine nuts, filberts and so on.
Even they should be aware of numerous dishes served in the restaurants that contain these nuts. These are also used as topping in the ice-cream, breads, sauces, baked goods and many such things.
Whenever you are going to take a packed food, always read the label as according to the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA), the food manufacturing companies must mention the presence of these things in clear language on the label.
Even these kinds of nuts or nut flavoring are also added in few alcoholic beverages. Therefore, if you are allergic to tree nut allergy, it is essential to stay away from these stuffs to trigger this problem.